ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA: MRD ANALYSIS USING MODULAR UFLUIDICS AND UFLOW CYTOMETRY


Year of Award:
2013
Award Type:
R21
Project Number:
CA173279
RFA Number:
RFA-CA-12-002
Technology Track:
Molecular & Cellular Analysis Technologies
PI/Project Leader:
SOPER, STEVEN ALLAN
Other PI or Project Leader:
N/A
Institution:
UNIV OF NORTH CAROLINA CHAPEL HILL
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) can be cured through allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Unfortunately, 25% of patients will experience relapse after SCT that is usually diagnosed by histologic evaluation of peripheral blood or bone marrow. This method is insensitive and leads to diagnosis of relapse with a high disease burden, which is more difficult to successfully treat. Multi-parameter flow cytometry (MFC) can detect lower burden of disease (0.1-0.01% AML blasts from a mixed population); however, it is expensive and impractical for use in diseases that require frequent monitoring due in part to the need for analyzing bone marrow. In this R21 project, a novel processing strategy will be carried out by an inexpensive, easily manufactured, and highly automated fluidic bio-processor used to select and identify rare AML blasts directly from whole blood to allow more frequent testing to detect MRD at an earlier stage compared to MFC. The bio- processor will consist of modules poised on a fluidic motherboard. The modules and motherboard are made from thermoplastics with the prerequisite microstructures generated via replication. Three modules will be used to affinity-select AML blasts from whole blood using a capture bed comprised of surface immobilized antibodies tethered to the selection channel walls via single-stranded DNA bifunctional linkers. The antibodies will target CD33, CD34 and CD117 expressing blasts. The selection modules will consist of an array of 50-250 microchannels that can process large input volumes (2-10 mL) in