FLUORESCENCE IN SITU DETECTION OF SHORT DNA SEQUENCES


Year of Award:
2005
Award Type:
R21
Project Number:
CA112418
RFA Number:
RFA-CA-05-002
Technology Track:
Molecular & Cellular Analysis Technologies
PI/Project Leader:
FRANK-KAMENETSKII, MAXIM D
Other PI or Project Leader:
N/A
Institution:
BOSTON UNIVERSITY
A radically new approach for the fluorescence in situ detection of DNA is proposed, which makes it possible to detect short (about 20-bp-long) single-copy DNA sequences in metaphase chromosome spreads and in interphase nuclei under non-denaturing conditions. The method of fluorescence in situ detection of short sequences (FISDOSS) to be developed will be exceedingly specific because a circular probe will be assembled via ligation of synthetic oligonucleotides on short DNA sequences opened up by specially designed peptide nucleic acids (PNAs). A high sensitivity will be provided by an efficient contamination-immune isothermal method of signal amplification: rolling-circle amplification (RCA) of the assembled circular probes with incorporation of numerous fluorescently labeled nucleotides. All procedures will be performed directly on slides and the final detection of interphase nuclei and metaphase chromosomes will be done by standard techniques using a fluorescent microscope. In Phase I, proof-of-principle experiments will be performed on arbitrarily chosen sites unique for the human genome. The goal of Phase I is to demonstrate, after initial optimization, that the short specific sequences can be effectively and specifically detected within non-denatured metaphase human chromosomes. The method will be extended to parallel multiple detection of various unique sites in the human genome. To demonstrate that FISDOSS is applicable to detect genetic markers of cancer, 12 appropriate sites associated with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) will be tested. The implementation of the project will yield a convenient fluorescent in situ technique with a great potential for reliable and highly sensitive diagnosis of cancer on the DNA level.